A recent trend in elementary education has been the development of readiness programs. Reading readiness programs have proved their value and have been widely accepted by most educators. Programs of readiness for arithmetic are considered to be similarly important, but are developing more slowly. An arithmetic readiness program requires some method of measuring a child's level of competence in numerical skills and abilities prior to the introduction of teaching arithmetic. No satisfactory instrument has been constructed and standardized for use with children varying from the pre-school to the second-grade level. The primary purpose of this investigation was to construct and standardize a test of arithmetical skills and abilities for use with children from the pre-school to the second-grade level.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
©1953 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Hannum, Thomas E.
"Identification and Measurement of the Arithmetical Concepts and Abilities of Pre-School and Primary Grade School Children,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 60(1), 514-518.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol60/iss1/68