The technology of lithium and its compounds was accorded little consideration a few years ago. Immediately following World War II fundamental knowledge of lithium began to be greatly expanded and its importance in industry has risen. Lithium and its compounds are used in porcelain enamels, and glazes; in air conditioning units; in greases, cosmetics and the like, just to cite a few examples. Lithium is the lightest of all the metals having an atomic weight of 6.94. The lithium ion has the smallest ionic radius of the alkalies and is approximately the same size as the magnesium ion. Its chemical properties frequently parallel those attributed to alkaline earths; this is the property which sets lithium apart from the other alkalies.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
©1953 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Resnick, James D.; Kiser, Robert W.; and Dalton, J. Lester
"Analysis of Lithium,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 60(1), 315-318.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol60/iss1/39