Although most studies involving the use of goals as motivators in learning have been concerned with which types of goals produce the greatest improvement, there have been some indications that the method of presenting a given type of goal may determine its effectiveness.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
©1951 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Helmstadter, Gerald C. and Ellis, Douglas S.
"Rate of Manipulative Learning as a Function of Goal-Setting Techniques,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 58(1), 357-362.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol58/iss1/44