An acute infectious disease of poultry manifested by both respiratory and nervous symptoms which occurred in the Dutch East Indies was first described by Kraneveld in 1926 (1 & 2). Shortly thereafter, the disease was observed at Newcastle-on-Tyne in England by Doyle (3) who gave it its present name. In California, Beach (4) described a respiratory-nervous disorder of chickens which he named Avian Pneumoencephalitis and which (5) later was shown to be identical with the disease described by Kraneveld and by Doyle. The disease has been reported from almost all sections of the world. In 1945, Newcastle disease was first identified in the eastern part of the United States and since that time has been reported in each of the forty-eight states.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
© Copyright 1950 by the Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Peterson, O. H. and Kerr, K. B.
"Intranasal Newcastle Disease Virus Vaccination of Baby Chicks Infected with Ascaridia galli,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 57(1), 483-489.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol57/iss1/70