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Document Type

Research

Abstract

The rubber industry began in West Africa by native exploitation of the wild rubber sources found in the tropical rain forests. The best quality of rubber was obtained from the tree, Funtumia elastica Stapf. and the vines Landolphia ovariensis Beauv. and Clitandra cymulosa Benth. The tapping methods were usually destructive and eventually new areas were difficult to find. As plantations of Manihot glaziovii Muell. Arg., the para rubber tree, and Hevea brasiliensis (H. B. K.) Muell. Arg., the para rubber tree, were established the wild rubber became less important. The yields from Manihot proved to be much lower than Hevea and the latter became the only important plantation rubber tree in West Africa. The discovery of rubber and the interesting story of how the rubber tree finally reached Africa is worth reviewing.

Publication Date

1944

Journal Title

Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science

Volume

51

Issue

1

First Page

281

Last Page

292

Copyright

© Copyright 1944 by the Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.

Language

EN

File Format

application/pdf

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