In colorimetric determinations it is often found when the color is developed that the standard and unknown differ too much for accurate readings. Usually this is remedied by beginning the determination again and using a different amount of standard or unknown sample. It would be quicker to increase the color by the addition of more standard directly to the paler of the two colored solutions, if it were known that the increase in color intensity were proportional to the amount of added standard. The present investigation established the proportionality between increased color and additional standard added after color has been developed according to the usual procedure, as follows: for the determination of phosphate (Fiske and Subbarow), with an error of less than 2%; of creatinine (Folin), with an error of less than 1%; and of ammonia (preformed or from digestion of nitrogenous material) by nesslerization (Koch and McMeekin) within 5%. Uric acid added after the other reagents in the Christman and Ravwich modification of the method of Benedict and Franke, produces no color, hence the colored solution cannot be fortified in this determination.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
© Copyright 1942 by the Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Moreland, Ferrin B.
"The Preparation of Colorimetric Standards,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science: Vol. 49:
, Article 40.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol49/iss1/40