It is generally agreed among psychologists that an "empirical" law of effect operates in learning. It is well known that such consequences as the obtaining of food or shock determine to a large extent the final product of the selective and eliminative processes that obtain in the learning situation (2). Just how these consequences strengthen or weaken responses has been the subject of much research and even more verbal polemics. But all competent observers in the field will agree on the empirical fact: the consequences of connections between psychological events which satisfy the prevailing motivating condition strengthen directly the connections they follow (4).
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
©1941 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
"Spread of Effect or Reward and Punishment in a Multiple Choice Situation,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 48(1), 313-317.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol48/iss1/93