The preparation of the lower esters of acetic acid using the acid and alcohol, has been utilized for a long time. It has also been known that the velocity of esterification is greatly increased by the addition of hydrogen ions. Esters have also been prepared by the passing of the vapors of acetic acid and alcohol over a heated catalyst such as Al2O2, ThO2 or TiO2. Several theories have been advanced for the mechanism of the reaction, especially catalysis, by the hydrogen ion in the liquid phase reactions.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
©1938 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Swanson, John W. and Coss, James
"Preparation of Acetic Esters of Some Higher Alcohols,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 45(1), 123-125.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol45/iss1/23