Eighty points in psychology were written in each of the four types of questions, mentioned in the title, and presented to 92 college students at three different times within six weeks to see which type of question would be attended by the greatest amount of learning and also which would be retained best. There were four groups of students. Each had all four types of questions, but no two groups had any one of the questions in the same type. If one group had a true statement of a given question, another group had that same point presented in a false statement, a third group had it in a question whose correct answer was "yes" and another had it in a question so stated as to require a "no" for its answer.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
©1931 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Finkenbinder, E. O.
"Influences on Learning of Tests Composed of True and False Statements and Direct Questions,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 38(1), 223-224.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol38/iss1/72