A smooth stream of water falling vertically is allowed to strike the center of a small circular plate placed horizontally. The water under these circumstances spreads laterally over the edge of the plate in a thin stream. Under the action of gravity and surface tension this thin bubble-like stream assumes various forms determined by the velocity of the stream impinging upon the plate and the dimensions of the various parts of the apparatus. The bubble may be made to assume a more or less nearly spherical form or, by joining a free water surface below, to shape itself into the form of a bell. The smooth unbroken forms assumed by this film-stream are very striking, affording a beautiful illustration of surface tension effects and give promise of a convenient means of studying certain surface tension phenomena.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
©1926 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Spinney, L. B.
"The Moulding Action of Surface Tension on a Free Sheet of Water,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 33(1), 240-241.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol33/iss1/60