By means of specially adapted sound photographic instruments, the voices of twelve vocal artists have been photographed. Interpretations of "Annie Laurie" by the following artists were used: MacCormack, Bispham, Welles, Lashanska, Case, Miller, Homer, Nordica, Nielson, Melba. Farrar, and Baker. A new musical staff has been introduced to adequately represent the facts analyzed from the data on the motion picture film. Among the factors of the vocal art isolated so far are: Attack of a tone, Vibrato, Release, Rhythm, Tempo. Sharping and Flatting, Crescendo, Diminuendo, Swell, Glide, Portamento, Effect of Phonetic Elements, Appogiaturas, Effect of Muscular Strain on the Vibrato, and Varying Esthetic Effects of Tones.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
©1925 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
"An Objective Study of the Vocal Art,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 32(1), 395-395.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol32/iss1/95