The yield of the addition product of NCl3 and 2-butene increases with a decrease in the temperature at which the reaction is carried out, the best yields being obtained at about -20° C. At temperatures much below this, the reaction is very slow. The yields are better with carbon tetrachloride as the solvent than with the other solvents used. Acetylene hydrocarbons react with nitrogen trichloride forming nitrogen and ammonium chloride. Only traces of an amine are obtained.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
©1925 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Coleman, G. H.; Owen, C. N.; and Rodriguez, J. A.
"The Effect of Temperature and Solvent on Nitrogen Trichloride Additions; Acetylene Hydrocarbons and Nitrogen Trichloride,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 32(1), 325-326.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol32/iss1/49