Trees or shrubs with needle-shaped or scale-like lvs, or with broad 2-lobed fork-veined lvs. The pollen falls directly upon the ovule or young seed; there is therefore no stigma or ovary. Wood close grained, without ducts (pores); "soft woods." Stam. fl. Cone-like or catkin-like, short-lived. Seeds various, with fleshy endospern. Cambium in stems and roots, forming rings of wood.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
©1922 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Conard, Henry S.
"A Manual of the Gymnosperms ("Ever-Greens") of Iowa, Both Native and Cultivated,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 29(1), 328-338.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol29/iss1/66