The systematic study of the electromotive forces in non-aqueous solvents was begun by Jones. By using cells of the type: Ag-AgNO3aq , — AgNO3non-aq. -Ag with the same concentration of the salt in each solvent, he hoped to be able to calculate the degree of dissociation in the nonaqueous solutions. It soon became apparent, however, that the solution pressure of a metal varies from solvent to solvent. Substituting the values found by Völlmer for the degree of dissociation of silver nitrate in ethyl alcohol, he calculated the ratio of the solution pressure of silver in alcohol and in water to be between 0.021 and 0.024. In all of these measurements the alcoholic solutions are positive with respect to the water solutions.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
©1916 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Moretimer, F. S. and Pearce, J. N.
"Electromotive Forces and Electrode Potentials in Pyride and Its Binary Mixtures with Water, Methyl Alcohol and Ethyl Alcohol,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 23(1), 51-72.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol23/iss1/11