The difference in pay between mothers and otherwise comparable non-mothers is called the family gap. Mothers are paid less than non-mothers on average. Is it because mothers are different than non-mothers or are mothers penalized because of their decisions to have children? Previous studies have found that after controlling for demographic and human capital characteristics, mothers are paid less than non-mothers on average. This study uses 2008 American Community Survey data and finds evidence that the family gap exists in the United States.
Major Themes in Economics
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Boden, Jennifer A.
"The Motherhood Wage Penalty in America,"
Major Themes in Economics: Vol. 12
, Article 3.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/mtie/vol12/iss1/3