gibberellin, abscisic acid, ix-amylase, barley aleurone layers, Hordeum vulgare
The aleurone layers of cereal grains offer a convenient system for studies of the molecular action of two plant hormones, gibberellins (GA) and abscisic acid (ABA). Gibberellins induce the synthesis of ix-amylase and several other hydrolytice enzymes. The action of GA is essentially at the transcriptional level, it enhances the level of steady-state levels of ix-amylase mRNAs, the rate of transcription of ᴕ-amylase genes and the activity of a trans-acting factor which interacts with specific regions of ix-amylase genes. Abscisic acid antagonizes the effect of GA by inhibiting the induction of hydrolytic enzymes, yet the effect of ABA itself is dependent on transcriptional and/or translational process. Abscisic acid inhibits the transcription of ix-amylase genes, destabilizes ᴕ-amylase mRNA and reduces ix-amylase activities. Several ABA induced proteins have been studied including an ix-amylase inhibitor, a lectin and a basic protein with long repeats. These proteins can also be induced by drought stress, apparently due to the drought-enhanced accumulation of ABA.
Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science
© Copyright 1991 by the Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Ho, Tuan-Hua David
"Hormonal Regulation of Gene Expression m the Aleurone Layers of Cereal Grains,"
Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS, 98(2), 72-76.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/jias/vol98/iss2/8