Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Ability grouping in education; Reading (Elementary);


Researchers have found a parallel between types of grouping and attitudes of students regarding reading. The majority of students placed in the "lower" reading group in their classrooms have had negative perceptions and overall attitudes about reading. Research has indicated that the curriculum taught in these lower reading groups has differed from those in medium and higher groups due to different skills and practice that teachers have felt were required for students to succeed. Teachers' overall expectations have been found to be lower for those in lower academic groups in school. Students who have had motivation, self-efficacy, self worth, competence, and the skills to set goals and to try new strategies have tended to have good perceptions about reading.

Grouping has also been seen to affect interactions with others. The literature was analyzed to determine the exact perceptions of students when being placed or after being placed in reading groups. The research has indicated that flexible grouping tends to have more positive effects than other forms of grouping. The findings point to needed training of teachers for managing grouping arrangements in the classroom, and show a strong relationship between grouping arrangements and overall perceptions of reading.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Timothy G. Weih


If you are the rightful copyright holder of this graduate research paper and wish to have it removed from the Open Access Collection, please submit a request to and include clear identification of the work, preferably with the URL.

Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (79 pages)



File Format