Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Career development; Students, Foreign -- Counseling of; Students, Foreign -- Vocational guidance;


It has been suggested by practitioners in the field that the career planning and placement profession is a dynamic one which must continually reevaluate its direction and services due in part to changing demographic forces (Powell & Kirts, 1980). These changing demographics generally include women, non-traditional students, and minorities--Asian Americans, African-Americans, Hispanics, and American Indians. There is one population, however, which is seldom included in the discussions of shifting demographic factors. That population consists of the thousands of foreign or international students currently attending and graduating from U.S. institutions of higher education. Certainly, foreign students' needs cannot effect a reevaluation of policy and services to the same degree as do U.S. subgroups for a variety of reasons. However, if the career planning and placement profession, especially in its operation on university campuses, does not feel particularly pushed by this population to scrutinize its services to them, it is beginning to feel steadily nudged.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

Michael D. Waggoner


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