Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Art appreciation--Study and teaching (Elementary); Art criticism;


Although recent trends in art education emphasize a discipline based approach to instruction, the elementary art experience often focuses on the process components of art production, overlooking other significant areas of study (Adams, 1992; Garoian, 1988; Hickman, 1994 ). One way in which educators can help make art experiences more meaningful to students is to use response journals for viewing artwork. Educators have established the use of response journals as a worthy practice by providing students with opportunities to develop greater understanding of content material and by providing teachers with valuable insight into students thinking through shared dialogue (Hall, Crawford & Robinson, 1997). Thus it becomes the teacher's role to make these exchanges meaningful to students and to guide students' learning. However, when art teachers see students one day a week for limited amounts of time, the teacher's comments in response journals in art class serve as a form of instruction rather than true exchanges of dialogue.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Deborah L. Tidwell


If you are the rightful copyright holder of this graduate research paper and wish to have it removed from the Open Access Collection, please submit a request to and include clear identification of the work, preferably with URL.

Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (21 pages)



File Format