Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


In recent years, school counselors have become an important and essential part of the educational team. As educators become more aware of the needs of individual children, educators have worked more closely with school counselors in both identifying the problems of individual children and developing programs to help individual children. At the elementary level, counselors have been working in the affective domain of children's lives to emphasize the importance of communication (Getz, Morrill, 1978). By developing skills in communication, counselors have learned the concerns that children have about themselves. Realizing that children begin to develop their self-esteem at an early age, educators and counselors are becoming more and more aware of the need to develop flexible guidance programs (Nelson, 1972). These programs are initiated in kindergarten and continue on through the elementary level. Helping each child learn to like, respect, accept and trust him/herself has been a goal of guidance and counseling since the early writings of Rogers (1942).

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of School Administration and Personnel Services

First Advisor

Robert L. Frank


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