Open Access Graduate Research Paper
During the last two decades, educators have searched for more productive and efficient ways to organize classrooms. Learning can be implemented under three possible structures: competitive, cooperative, and individualistic (Johnson & Johnson, 1974). Traditionally, American schools have relied heavily on competition as a goal structure. Students routinely are placed in settings wherein they compete for grades, teacher attention, approval, and a place in the social order of the classroom. Yet, the major problems facing our society today call for cooperation, understanding, problem solving, and altruism
Year of Submission
Master of Arts in Education
Department of Curriculum and Instruction
1 PDF file (31 leaves)
©1988 Colleen V. Goodenbour
Goodenbour, Colleen V., "Cooperative learning: An alternative instructional system" (1988). Graduate Research Papers. 2419.