Open Access Graduate Research Paper
In 1919, the North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools defined the junior high school as a school in which grades 7, 8, and 9 were housed in a separate building. The school had its own teaching staff and administrators. By 1920, approximately 400 junior high schools were in existence and the number was growing. By the mid-fifties there were approximately 6,500 junior high schools in the United States. After 40 years of existence, the deficiencies of the junior high school were notable relative to self-concept. In the late 1950s and early 1960s the middle school emerged as an alternative to the junior high school (Wiles & Bondi, 1981).
Year of Submission
Master of Arts in Education
Department of Curriculum and Instruction
Mary Nan Aldridge
1 PDF file (58 leaves)
©1984 Mary Lou Estep
Estep, Mary, "A comparison of the effects of middle school grade organization on student attitudes" (1984). Graduate Research Papers. 2330.