Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Employee assistance programming is an outgrowth of the occupational alcoholism programs that had their beginnings in the late 1930's and early 1940's. Since that time, changing attitudes and needs of employers and employees have led to a shift of emphasis away from alcoholism and into a larger area including all human problems and difficulties (Googins, 1988b). Along with this shift in focus has come a reallocation of r resources within organizations, more specifically, within the unit providing the assistance services. Foote and Erfurt (1981) and Googins (1988a) have shown that supervisory referrals have decreased significantly. Recent public attention to the drug problem has refocused interest on this specific problem in the workplace (White House Conference for a Drug Free America, 1988). Federal legislation has codified the need for employers to address the drug problems in the workplace through a variety of approaches including those strikingly similar to the older occupational alcoholism model (Yandrick and Knight, 1988). The employee supervisor may once again become an integral part of this programming. This paper will review factors influencing supervisory referrals to employee assistance programs and by inference may highlight areas to address in new drug programming.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

Robert L. Frank


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