Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Reading -- Language experience approach; Language experience approach in education;


The question of how best to teach children to read and write has been debated for years. Cunningham ( 1991) suggests that reading instruction began in the United States with a alphabetic approach. Children learned the letters, and then spelled and sounded out the letters of words. This approach was known later as the phonics approach. Some educators still insist that it is the only sensible approach to begin reading instruction (Adams, 1991; Stahl, 1992; Stahl & Miller, 1989; Teale, 1991). The most commonly used reading material in reading instruction has been the basal reader (Chall, 1983; May, 1994). Basals teach both phonics and comprehension and have gradually increasing levels of difficulty with emphasis on teacher-guided reading. Some current reading experts have encouraged a literature or tradebook approach to reading (Sloup, 1987; Veatch, 1959; Yatvin, 1992). The emphasis in this approach is on children selecting real books they want to read and teachers providing individual readers help as needed.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Curriculum and Instruction


Division of Reading and Language Arts

First Advisor

Dale D. Johnson


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Date Original


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