Open Access Graduate Research Paper
Science -- Study and teaching (Middle school);
In 1995, US 12th graders performed below the international average for 21 countries on a test of general knowledge in mathematics and science. (National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 1998). In 2000, 93% of students in grades '5-9 were taught physical science by a teacher lacking a major or certification in the physical sciences (National Center for Education Statistics, 2002). U.S. 15-year-olds ranked 24th out of 40 countries that participated in a 2003 administration of the Program for International Student assessment (PISA) examination, which assessed students' ability to apply mathematical concepts to real world problems (National Center for Education Statistics, 2005).
Year of Submission
Master of Arts in Education
Department of Educational Leadership and Postsecondary Education
John E. Henning
1 PDF file (78 leaves)
©2009 Lesley Taylorson
Taylorson, Lesley, "Problem-based Learning in the Middle School Science Classroom" (2009). Graduate Research Papers. 1611.