Open Access Graduate Research Paper
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a psychiatric diagnosis associated with extreme behaviors including repeated suicide attempts, emotional instability, distorted thinking, and difficulty controlling impulses (American Psychiatric Association, 1994). In addition, a history of childhood physical and sexual abuse is commonly associated with BPD (Murray, 1993). This history of abuse and rigid thinking are characteristics of this disorder associated with suicide attempts (Brown & Anderson, 1991). As a result, suicidal crises are common with BPD patients. Although traditional treatment methods decrease the number of suicidal attempts, they are moderately effective in decreasing suicidal ideation (McGlashan, 1986). Suicidality is characterized by a sense of hopelessness, that nothing can change (Maris, Berman, & Silverman, 2000). This sense of hopelessness can be modified through spirituality and may decrease the number of suicide attempts. By instilling hope through spirituality, these individuals can modify their behaviors and thoughts that promote suicide (Yahne & Miller, 1999). The purpose of this paper is to introduce spirituality as an adjunct to traditional treatment methods to reduce suicide. BPD characteristics and diagnosis will be described first followed by current treatment options. Spirituality as a means to instilling hope will be recommended as an adjunctive treatment method.
Year of Submission
Master of Arts
Department of Educational Leadership and Postsecondary Education
1 PDF file (22 leaves)
©2001 Kerry R. Sullivan
Sullivan, Kerry R., "Borderline personality disorder : instilling hope may reduce suicide" (2001). Graduate Research Papers. 1598.