Open Access Graduate Research Paper
Middle school students; Motivation in education;
This review of literature focused on the strategies educators use for motivating the young adolescent in the middle level classroom.
Anderman and Maehr (1994) found motivation could be improved through a variety of methods by focusing on specific areas: developmental changes, intrinsic versus extrinsic, middle level transformation and classroom practice. Along these same lines, Curwin (2006) found motivation can be enhanced with practices in the middle level classroom through four main areas: (1) welcoming students to school and class, (2) stressing the effort students put forth, (3) increasing homework completion, and (4) turbo charging classroom lessons.
This paper focused on four main topics: student engagement, emphasis on effort, intrinsic and extrinsic rewarding, and the student need to bond at school.
Year of Submission
Master of Arts in Education
Department of Curriculum and Instruction
Donna H. Schumacher-Douglas
1 PDF file (v, 60 pages)
©2008 Lisa L. Munsey
Munsey, Lisa L., "Motivating middle level students : strategies to help reach and teach middle level students" (2008). Graduate Research Papers. 1245.