A Multiyear Constraint on Ammonia Emissions and Deposition Within the US Corn Belt
agriculture, ammonia emissions, deposition, forests, mitigation, reactive nitrogen, tall tower, US Corn Belt, WRF-Chem modeling
Geophysical Research Letters
The US Corn Belt is a global hotspot of atmospheric ammonia (NH3), a gas known to adversely impact the environment and human health. We combine hourly tall tower (100 m) measurements and bi-weekly, spatially distributed, ground-based observations from the Ammonia Monitoring Network with the US National Emissions Inventory (NEI) and WRF-Chem simulations to constrain NH3 emissions from April to September 2017–2019. We show that: (1) NH3 emissions peaked from May to July and were 1.6–1.7 times the annual NEI average; (2) average growing season NH3 emissions from agricultural lands were remarkably similar across years (3.27–3.64 nmol m−2 s−1), yet showed substantial episodic variability driven by meteorology and land management; (3) dry deposition was 40% of gross emissions from agricultural lands and exceeded 100% of gross emissions in natural lands. Our findings provide an important benchmark for evaluating future NH3 emissions and mitigation efforts.
Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences
Original Publication Date
DOI of published version
UNI ScholarWorks, Rod Library, University of Northern Iowa
Hu, Cheng; Griffis, Timothy J.; Frie, Alexander; Baker, John M.; Wood, Jeffrey D.; Millet, Dylan B.; Yu, Zhongjie; Yu, Xueying; and Czarnetzki, Alan C., "A Multiyear Constraint on Ammonia Emissions and Deposition Within the US Corn Belt" (2021). Faculty Publications. 94.