Faculty Publications

Title

Individual differences in short-term anticipation training for high-speed interceptive skill

Document Type

Article

Keywords

Anticipatory training, Interceptive timing, Learning

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of Motor Learning and Development

Volume

5

Issue

1

First Page

160

Last Page

176

Abstract

Training studies in a variety of domains focus on between-group comparisons. This study investigated individual differences in learning based upon visual anticipation training using field hockey goalkeeping as the exemplar motor skill. In a within-subject design, four state-league level field hockey goalkeepers were tested before and after visual anticipatory training in an in-situ test that required them to save goals from a drag flick. Response initiation time and response accuracy were measured. Participants were tested at baseline, completed a control phase of sport-specific practice, were retested, then given an intervention phase of temporal occlusion training plus sport-specific practice, and retested. Results indicated that two goalkeepers' response initiation times were earlier after the intervention. Effect sizes indicated that the two goalkeepers improved response accuracy after the intervention. Another goalkeeper's response initiation time was later after the intervention, but this did not impede response accuracy of goals saved. The mechanism of individual learning appeared to be modulation of response timing to save goals. Anticipation training can improve in-situ visual-perceptual motor skill performance in an individualized and nonlinear fashion. Further research is needed to better understand how each individual learns the visual-perceptual motor skills of high time-stress tasks in the sport domain.

Original Publication Date

6-1-2017

DOI of published version

10.1123/jmld.2016-0029

Repository

UNI ScholarWorks, Rod Library, University of Northern Iowa

Language

en

Share

COinS