The interactive role of eating regulation and stress in the prediction of weight-related outcomes among college students
body fat, body mass index, college students, eating regulation, stress
Stress and Health
The interactive role of eating regulation and perceived stress on weight-related outcomes was examined among 319 sophomore year college students (110 males and 209 females). Moderated regressions were used to examine interactions between stress and eating regulation on study outcomes including body mass index (BMI) and body fat. Eating regulation moderated associations between stress and BMI and body fat outcomes. Students reporting high perceived stress, high autonomous eating regulation, low controlled regulation, and low amotivation exhibited higher outcomes (BMI and body fat) than those with similar eating regulation but lower perceived stress. Students with lower autonomous eating regulation and higher controlled regulation had no differences in study outcomes across levels of stress. College students who regulate their eating behaviours for health reasons (specifically showing autonomous regulation) exhibit higher BMI and body fat when they report higher levels of perceived stress. Health promotion programs for college students need to target education efforts towards stress reduction and healthy eating behaviours.
Department of Psychology
Original Publication Date
DOI of published version
UNI ScholarWorks, Rod Library, University of Northern Iowa
Arsiwalla, Dilbur D.; Arnold, Amanda W.; Teel, Karla P.; Ulrich, Pamela V.; and Gropper, Sareen S., "The interactive role of eating regulation and stress in the prediction of weight-related outcomes among college students" (2018). Faculty Publications. 751.