KERA: Analysis tool for multi-process, multi-state single-molecule data
Nucleic Acids Research
Molecular machines within cells dynamically assemble, disassemble and reorganize. Molecular interactions between their components can be observed at the single-molecule level and quantified using colocalization single-molecule spectroscopy, in which individual labeled molecules are seen transiently associating with a surface-tethered partner, or other total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy approaches in which the interactions elicit changes in fluorescence in the labeled surface-tethered partner. When multiple interacting partners can form ternary, quaternary and higher order complexes, the types of spatial and temporal organization of these complexes can be deduced from the order of appearance and reorganization of the components. Time evolution of complex architectures can be followed by changes in the fluorescence behavior in multiple channels. Here, we describe the kinetic event resolving algorithm (KERA), a software tool for organizing and sorting the discretized fluorescent trajectories from a range of single-molecule experiments. KERA organizes the data in groups by transition patterns, and displays exhaustive dwell time data for each interaction sequence. Enumerating and quantifying sequences of molecular interactions provides important information regarding the underlying mechanism of the assembly, dynamics and architecture of the macromolecular complexes. We demonstrate KERA's utility by analyzing conformational dynamics of two DNA binding proteins: replication protein A and xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group D helicase.
Department of Physics
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DOI of published version
UNI ScholarWorks, Rod Library, University of Northern Iowa
Tibbs, Joseph; Ghoneim, Mohamed; Caldwell, Colleen C.; Buzynski, Troy; Bowie, Wayne; Boehm, Elizabeth M.; Washington, M. Todd; Tabei, S. M.Ali; and Spies, Maria, "KERA: Analysis tool for multi-process, multi-state single-molecule data" (2021). Faculty Publications. 70.