Faculty Publications

Title

Dogmatism, field dependence, and perception of demand characteristics in a verbal operant conditioning experiment

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of Research in Personality

Volume

10

Issue

4

First Page

469

Last Page

477

Abstract

Using a 2 × 2 analysis of variance design, effects of dogmatism and field dependence on subjects' awareness of demand characteristics in a verbal operant conditioning experiment were investigated. From 103 introductory psychology students who participated in a replication of an earlier verbal conditioning experiment, 92 were randomly selected for final study. It was found that only subjects aware of the purpose of the conditioning study appeared to "condition". Subject awareness was assessed by a series of converging questions which were independently content analyzed by two judges and coded to yield a total awareness score. Based on earlier research it was expected that dogmatism and field dependence would interact to affect levels of awareness. The two-way interaction was statistically significant (p < .05) as predicted. The results were discussed in terms of speculations regarding the modes of perceptual functioning involved in perceiving demand cues. © 1976.

Original Publication Date

1-1-1976

DOI of published version

10.1016/0092-6566(76)90061-1

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