Faculty Publications

Title

Role of Gender, Sex Role Identity, and Type A Behavior in Anger Expression and Mental Health Functioning

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of Counseling Psychology

Volume

40

Issue

2

First Page

232

Last Page

237

Abstract

This study, including female (n = 407) and male (n = 222) college students, investigated the relationship of gender, sex role identity, and Type A behavior to multiple dimensions of anger expression and mental health functioning. Significant multivariate effects were found for sex role and behavior pattern type for anger expression. Significant gender differences were not observed. Univariate analyses revealed consistent relationships between sex role identity and anger proneness, suppression, and control and the tendency to express anger outwardly. Consistent relationships were found between behavior pattern type and both anger proneness and suppression. Significant multivariate effects were found for gender, sex role, and behavior pattern type for mental health functioning. Gender differences were not observed in depression. Women obtained higher scores on indirect hostility, irritability, and dependency, and men obtained higher scores on assault and aggressiveness.

Original Publication Date

4-1-1993

DOI of published version

10.1037/0022-0167.40.2.232

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