Determining the Collateral Effects of Peer Tutor Training on a Student with Severe Disabilities
In one experiment and two case studies, we evaluated the impact of training peer tutors without disabilities to provide effective instructional procedures with a student with severe disabilities who exhibited aberrant behaviors in the classroom. Peer tutors received training on how to provide appropriate commands and specific praise statements, as well as to decrease negative statements. In the experiment, two peer tutors were taught these skills in a multiple baseline design. Two case studies further clarified the impact of the peer tutor training. In Case Study 1, one peer tutor received training on the three skills concurrently and data were assessed in an AB design. In Case Study 2, one peer tutor was trained prior to working with the student to determine if a peer tutor who had no prior history with the student could work effectively with minimal disruptions from the onset. Data were also measured on the student's aberrant behaviors and his compliance before, during, and after training the peer tutors. Results indicated that the peer tutors leamed to provide appropriate commands and specific praise and to reduce negative statements. More important, as a collateral effect of the training program, the student's aberrant behaviors decreased and his compliance to requests improved. © 1995, SAGE PUBLICATIONS, INC. All rights reserved.
Original Publication Date
DOI of published version
Martella, Ronald C.; Marchand-Martella, Nancy E.; Young, K. Richard; and Cmacfarlane, Christine A., "Determining the Collateral Effects of Peer Tutor Training on a Student with Severe Disabilities" (1995). Faculty Publications. 4297.