Cognitive remediation in pediatric traumatic brain injury
Robinson's (1970) elaborative encoding technique (PQRST) was implemented as the active cognitive intervention strategy to address verbal memory deficits in 2 fourth-grade boys following mild or moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI). A metacognitive reading comprehension technique was also implemented for comparison purposes. Single-case methodology was employed using a counterbalanced crossover of the two intervention strategies controlling for the effects of attention. The performance of both boys was significantly better during strategy training with the PQRST technique and approached the performance level of the normal comparison subject. In contrast, the performance of both subjects with TBI remained at, or returned to, baseline levels during the metacognitive intervention. These findings suggest that Robinson's cognitive remediation intervention holds promise in addressing memory and reading comprehension deficits following pediatric traumatic brain injury. Future research should focus on enhancing generalization and transfer of training to classroom assignments.
Original Publication Date
DOI of published version
Franzen, Kris M.; Roberts, Mary Ann; Schmits, Donald; Verduyn, Walter; and Manshadi, Farid, "Cognitive remediation in pediatric traumatic brain injury" (1996). Faculty Publications. 4168.