Faculty Publications

Title

The Experience and Expression of Anger: Relationships with Gender, Gender Role Socialization, Depression, and Mental Health Functioning

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of Counseling Psychology

Volume

43

Issue

2

First Page

158

Last Page

165

Abstract

Using a sample of 445 female and 260 male college students, we investigated relationships between the experience and expression of anger and gender, gender role characteristics, and several mental health variables. Factor analyses of 17 measures of anger, aggressiveness, and hostility revealed a 3-factor pattern of aggressive acting-out, high anger proneness and poorly controlled verbally expressed anger, and anger suppression. Correlational and hierarchical regression analyses indicated that the anger composites were strong predictors of the mental health variables. Masculinity, but not femininity or androgyny, also made fairly consistent unique contributions to the prediction of the mental health variables. Gender did not uniquely contribute to the prediction of any of the mental health variables, nor did it moderate the relationships of these variables with other predictors.

Original Publication Date

1-1-1996

DOI of published version

10.1037/0022-0167.43.2.158

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