Faculty Publications

Title

Role of inventory and transportation costs in determining the optimal degree of centralization

Document Type

Article

Keywords

Centralization decision, Inventory management, Physical distribution, Safety stock

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review

Volume

33

Issue

3

First Page

171

Last Page

179

Abstract

This paper presents a formal analysis of the inventory centralization decision in a wider perspective. Expressions for various elements of total system cost are developed and their individual and combined effects on centralization are analyzed using an optimization model. The major thrust of the paper is on determining the optimal degree of centralization as a tradeoff between inventory and transportation costs. It considers five scenarios each representing a different role of inventory and transportation in the total supply system. Examples of how each scenario may arise in practice are given and the best degrees of centralization for the scenarios are compared and illustrated with secondary data. © 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original Publication Date

1-1-1997

DOI of published version

10.1016/S1366-5545(97)00019-7

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