Faculty Publications

Title

Towards a comprehensive account of effective thinking

Document Type

Article

Keywords

Creative thinking, Critical thinking, Decision making, Higher order thinking, Problem solving, Problem solving functions, Problem types, Scientific inquiry

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Interchange

Volume

32

Issue

4

First Page

349

Last Page

374

Abstract

Due to its strong focus on reasoning and argumentation, critical thinking lacks the breadth required of a comprehensive account of higher order thinking. In particular, critical thinking does not promote reflection on the underlying problems or situations that people think about. This paper reviews various proposed additions to and reorientations of the critical thinking paradigm. It presents a conceptual framework that encompasses the most promising extensions as topics in a broadened account of higher order thinking. This account can be understood as an elaboration of problem solving along two dimensions: Problem types, which are generic thinking situations; and problem solving functions, which are generic thinking tasks. The proposed topic-level account of higher order thinking offers a greatly enlarged view of what should be taught in general thinking skills programs. ©Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Original Publication Date

1-1-2001

DOI of published version

10.1023/A:1014662500878

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