Towards a comprehensive account of effective thinking
Creative thinking, Critical thinking, Decision making, Higher order thinking, Problem solving, Problem solving functions, Problem types, Scientific inquiry
Due to its strong focus on reasoning and argumentation, critical thinking lacks the breadth required of a comprehensive account of higher order thinking. In particular, critical thinking does not promote reflection on the underlying problems or situations that people think about. This paper reviews various proposed additions to and reorientations of the critical thinking paradigm. It presents a conceptual framework that encompasses the most promising extensions as topics in a broadened account of higher order thinking. This account can be understood as an elaboration of problem solving along two dimensions: Problem types, which are generic thinking situations; and problem solving functions, which are generic thinking tasks. The proposed topic-level account of higher order thinking offers a greatly enlarged view of what should be taught in general thinking skills programs. ©Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Original Publication Date
DOI of published version
Smith, Gerald F., "Towards a comprehensive account of effective thinking" (2001). Faculty Publications. 3542.