Faculty Publications

Title

Immunotoxicity of explosives-contaminated soil before and after bioremediation

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

Volume

40

Issue

3

First Page

311

Last Page

317

Abstract

Soils from the Yorktown Naval Base contaminated with trinitrotoluene (TNT) and other explosives were used to prepare eluates before and after bioremediation using microbial growth amendments in the presence (PI eluates) or absence (P2 eluates) of exogenous white rot fungus. Effectiveness of bioremediation was examined by several immunotoxicity assays - viability/growth of lymphocytes, cytokine production, and expression of the interleukin-2 (IL-2) receptor - using human peripheral blood mononuclear cells exposed to the eluates. Although TNT concentrations decreased in both P1 and P2 eluates relative to untreated baseline soil (BL) eluates, a recovery in lymphocyte growth/viability and IL-2 secretion was seen with P2 but not P1 eluates relative to BL eluates. IL-2 receptor levels were higher in cells exposed to BL and P2 eluates than when exposed to P1 eluates. Interferon-γ, tumor necrosis factor-β, and IL-10 levels were highest in BL and P2 eluates and lowest in P1 eluates. Taken together, these results suggest that treatment of the soil with microbial growth amendments in the absence but not the presence of exogenous white rot fungi lead to partial bioremediation as assessed by lymphocyte functions.

Original Publication Date

6-9-2001

DOI of published version

10.1007/s002440010177

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