Extending the demands-control model: A daily diary study of job characteristics, work-family conflict and work-family facilitation
Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology
Using personal digital assistants, 91 parents employed in non-professional occupations were surveyed for 14 consecutive days about their job characteristics and work-family experiences. We found significant daily variation in work-to-family conflict (WFC) and work-to-family facilitation (WFF) that was predictable from daily job characteristics. Higher levels of WFC were associated with greater job demands and control at work. Contrary to the demands-control model (Karasek, 1979), these two job characteristics interacted such that the relationship between demands and WFC was stronger when control was high. We also found that demands were negatively related and control and skill level positively related to WFF. The results suggest ways in which jobs may be redesigned to enhance individuals' work-family experiences. © 2005 The British Psychological Society.
Original Publication Date
DOI of published version
Butler, Adam B.; Grzywacz, Joseph G.; Bass, Brenda L.; and Linney, Kirsten D., "Extending the demands-control model: A daily diary study of job characteristics, work-family conflict and work-family facilitation" (2005). Faculty Publications. 2943.