Faculty Publications

Title

Phyllotactic pattern is altered in the transition to flowering in the early ears of zea mays landrace chapalote (Poaceae)

Document Type

Article

Keywords

Development, Ear, Leaf base, Phyllotaxy, Poaceae, Polystichy, Procambium, Zea mays

Journal/Book/Conference Title

American Journal of Botany

Volume

95

Issue

8

First Page

903

Last Page

913

Abstract

The origin of polystichy in the maize ear and central tassel spike continues to challenge our understanding of evolution in this important crop species. In this paper we tested the hypothesis that the change in phyllotaxy occurs in the region of husk leaf production before the transition to reproductive growth. Young ear or presumptive ear primordia were dissected to examine the transition from distichous husk leaves below the ear through spiral phyllotaxy to the polystichous arrangement of spikelet pair primordia in the young ear. Serial transverse sections were used to document the thickness of successive disks of insertion of lateral primordia and to reconstruct the path of procambial differentiation. The transition in phyllotaxy, though variable, typically occurs in the vegetative zone and is associated with periodic heterogeneity in the thickness of leaf bases and a delay in the development of waves of procambial differentiation into the base of the young ear.

Original Publication Date

8-1-2008

DOI of published version

10.3732/ajb.0700002

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