The relationship between leader fit and transformational leadership
Demands-abilities fit, Leader effectiveness, Leadership, Needs-supplies fit, Person-organization fit, Transformational leadership
Journal of Managerial Psychology
Purpose: The aim of the current study is to further understanding of transformational leadership antecedents by examining a gap in the literature that fails to address the relationship between leader fit and transformational leader behaviors. Design/methodology/approach: This study examined the relationship between leaders' person-organization fit, needs-supplies fit, and demands-abilities fit and transformational leader behavior using a sample of 215 leaders in ten organizations, their supervisors, and 1,284 followers. Findings: Demands-abilities fit was positively related to transformational leadership, whereas person-organization fit was negatively related. Transformational leadership was also related to leader effectiveness (rated by the leaders' own supervisors) and mediated the relationship between demands-abilities fit and supervisor ratings of leader effectiveness. Research limitations/implications: Although demands-abilities fit was positively related to transformational leadership, these results should be interpreted with caution as it is not possible to infer causality from cross-sectional research. Thus, longitudinal or experimental research is needed to replicate these findings. Practical implications: Whether promoting from within or hiring externally, organizations should place more emphasis on demands-abilities fit when trying to predict who will engage in transformational leadership behavior. In addition, leaders' own supervisors and followers appear to be in strong agreement on whether someone is an effective leader. Originality/value: To the author's knowledge, this is the first study to examine the relationship between leader fit and transformational leadership. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Original Publication Date
DOI of published version
Guay, Russell P., "The relationship between leader fit and transformational leadership" (2013). Faculty Publications. 1698.