Effect of TRIF on permeability and apoptosis in bovine microvascular endothelial cells exposed to lipopolysaccharide
Bovine, Lipopolysaccharide, Microvascular endothelial cells, MyD88, Toll-like receptor 4, TRIF
Bovine respiratory disease complex (BRDC) can be caused by several Gram negative bacteria. Lung endothelial cells may be damaged by the release of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from these organisms. Toll-like receptor (TLR-4) signaling pathways include the myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 (MyD88) and the Toll/interleukin (IL)-1 receptor (TIR) domain-containing adapter-inducing interferon-β (TRIF) pathways. The aim of this study was to determine which of these pathways is responsible for permeability changes, apoptosis and cytokine production in bovine lung microvascular cells exposed to LPS. Bovine lung endothelial cells were treated with a peptide to inhibit MyD88 signaling or small interfering RNA (siRNA) to inhibit TRIF signaling. Effects were measured using trans-well endothelial electrical resistance to determine cell monolayer permeability, annexin staining to estimate apoptosis and real-time PCR to measure levels of expression of IL-1β and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α mRNA. Inhibition of TRIF signaling reduced permeability changes and apoptosis in endothelial cells exposed to LPS. In contrast, MyD88 inhibition reduced expression of IL-1β and TNF-α mRNA in LPS treated cells, but had no effect on permeability. It was concluded that TRIF signaling in LPS-stimulated lung endothelial cells results in permeability changes and apoptosis. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Department of Biology
Original Publication Date
DOI of published version
Dubbert, Jason; Bowers, Amy; Su, Yutao; and McClenahan, David, "Effect of TRIF on permeability and apoptosis in bovine microvascular endothelial cells exposed to lipopolysaccharide" (2013). Faculty Publications. 1540.