Faculty Publications

Title

Developing a Risk and Needs Assessment Instrument for Prison Inmates: The Issue of Outcome

Document Type

Article

Keywords

classification, needs assessment, prison misconduct, recidivism, risk assessment

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Criminal Justice and Behavior

Volume

40

Issue

12

First Page

1449

Last Page

1471

Abstract

The assessment of inmate risk and need in prison poses a unique challenge to correctional policy makers because it is used for two purposes: classification and case management. Classification and case management require assessment instruments that are designed to predict two separate outcomes: institutional misconduct and community recidivism. The current research examines differences between a prison classification instrument developed to predict misconduct and a case management instrument developed to predict community recidivism using a sample of 414 inmates in Ohio. The results indicated substantial differences between assessment instruments and that separate risk and needs assessments should be conducted. A hybrid assessment system is suggested that seeks to maximize accuracy and efficiency by including select factors from each instrument. © 2013 International Association for Correctional and Forensic Psychology.

Original Publication Date

12-1-2013

DOI of published version

10.1177/0093854813496240

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