Faculty Publications

Title

A comparison of three different start techniques on sprint speed in collegiate linebackers

Document Type

Article

Keywords

Block start, False step, Football, Forward step, Rhythm step, Time

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

Volume

28

Issue

9

First Page

2669

Last Page

2672

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare the track block start (BS), rhythm step (false step) (RS), and forward step (FS) on sprint start ability in male Division I collegiate football linebackers. Although the blocks are not practical in the sport of football, they were used as a gold standard for sprint acceleration. Sixteen collegiate football linebackers (age, 20.9 ± 1.1 years; height, 72 ± 3.0 in; mass, 97 ± 4 kg) performed 3 repetitions each of the BS, FS, and RS. Each sprint was videotaped through 5 m. The time from 0 to 2.5 m (t2.5), 0 to 5 m (t5), and 2.5 to 5 m (tsplit) were calculated for each trial using all 3 different techniques, and the best times for each treatment was recorded. Block start resulted in significantly lower t2.5 and t5 compared with RS and FS. Rhythm step had significantly lower t2.5 and t5 compared with FS. There was no difference in tsplit between any of the 3 treatments. The results indicate that using the blocks is optimal for sprint performance through 2.5 and 5 m. Rhythm step outperformed FS through both 2.5 and 5 m, suggesting that for collegiate football linebackers, RS is superior to FS.

Original Publication Date

9-1-2014

DOI of published version

10.1519/JSC.0000000000000453

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