Improved Statistical Methods Enable Greater Sensitivity in Rhythm Detection for Genome-Wide Data
PLoS Computational Biology
Robust methods for identifying patterns of expression in genome-wide data are important for generating hypotheses regarding gene function. To this end, several analytic methods have been developed for detecting periodic patterns. We improve one such method, JTK_CYCLE, by explicitly calculating the null distribution such that it accounts for multiple hypothesis testing and by including non-sinusoidal reference waveforms. We term this method empirical JTK_CYCLE with asymmetry search, and we compare its performance to JTK_CYCLE with Bonferroni and Benjamini-Hochberg multiple hypothesis testing correction, as well as to five other methods: cyclohedron test, address reduction, stable persistence, ANOVA, and F24. We find that ANOVA, F24, and JTK_CYCLE consistently outperform the other three methods when data are limited and noisy; empirical JTK_CYCLE with asymmetry search gives the greatest sensitivity while controlling for the false discovery rate. Our analysis also provides insight into experimental design and we find that, for a fixed number of samples, better sensitivity and specificity are achieved with higher numbers of replicates than with higher sampling density. Application of the methods to detecting circadian rhythms in a metadataset of microarrays that quantify time-dependent gene expression in whole heads of Drosophila melanogaster reveals annotations that are enriched among genes with highly asymmetric waveforms. These include a wide range of oxidation reduction and metabolic genes, as well as genes with transcripts that have multiple splice forms.
Department of Physics
Original Publication Date
DOI of published version
Hutchison, Alan L.; Maienschein-Cline, Mark; Chiang, Andrew H.; Tabei, S. M.Ali; Gudjonson, Herman; Bahroos, Neil; Allada, Ravi; and Dinner, Aaron R., "Improved Statistical Methods Enable Greater Sensitivity in Rhythm Detection for Genome-Wide Data" (2015). Faculty Publications. 1262.