Predictors of Mild Hazing, Severe Hazing, and Positive Initiation Rituals in Sport
International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching
Hazing is any degrading or abusive behavior required to be socially accepted on a sports team. Theoretically, hazing is a symptom of the hierarchy and social dominance of the sport environment. The current study examined the influence of competitive level, gender, athletic identity, sport type, and team norms on participating in mild hazing, severe hazing, and positive initiations. High school (n = 126) and college athletes (n = 161) from a variety of sports completed an online survey. Approximately 50% of the sample participated in either a mild and/or severe hazing act. Three logistic regression analyses indicated that greater team norms and being a college student increased the odds of experiencing a mild hazing, severe hazing, or a positive initiation ritual. Sport psychology consultants and coaches need to proactively work to change degrading norms of hazing to joyful norms emphasizing respect and unity.
Department of Health, Physical Education, and Leisure Services
Original Publication Date
DOI of published version
Waldron, Jennifer J., "Predictors of Mild Hazing, Severe Hazing, and Positive Initiation Rituals in Sport" (2015). Faculty Publications. 1187.