Theses and Dissertations @ UNI


Open Access Dissertation


The purpose of this study was to determine what relationships exist between the chemistry and the morphology and nodular formation of carbon nodules in commercially produced ductile cast iron. Additionally, the effects of chemistry on the hardness of produced castings from net shake processes were investigated. According to pertinent information in current literature, the hardness of castings has a direct bearing on the final cost of products. Forty-seven sample Y-shaped blocks were acquired and sectioned to obtain an equal number of Y-shaped sections from the center of the test sample which was 1 inch thick. These sections were further cut into three vertical portions comprising the bottom, center, and tops of the Y-section. Through these procedures, 141 samples were now made available. Subsequent evaluation and testing resulted in the elimination of the center portions of the Y-sections due to unacceptable levels of gaseous porosity in these samples. As a result, 94 samples comprising the tops and bottoms of the Y-sections were judged suitable for retention for testing. Conclusions reached indicated that the Carbon Equivalency number appears to be of limited value in predicting the performance of the five dependent variables, under consideration during the course of the study. Reasonably reliable predictions appear possible for each of the dependent variables of Nodular count per square millimeter, percent Vermicular carbon per square millimeter, Nodular Sizes developed and the percent Nodularity per square millimeter. On the other hand, Brinnell Hardness numbers appear to be relatively stable and flat, with little variation shown as the Carbon Equivalency number increases or decreases. Therefore, the Carbon Equivalency number, while of limited value in predicting the first four dependent variables, is of no real value for the fifth (BHN) variable, leaving the foundry wit the task of reevaluating other prediction methods for the Brinnell Hardness of finished castings. (Abstract shortened with permission of author.)

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Doctor of Industrial Technology


Department of Industrial Technology

First Advisor

Mohammad F. Fahmy (Advisor)

Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (viii, 123 pages)



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