Thesis (UNI Access Only)
Perfectionism (Personality trait); Fear of failure; Sports injuries--Psychological aspects; Sports physical therapy--Psychological aspects;
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship and differences in perfectionism and fear of failure with intercollegiate athletes. A secondary purpose was to examine the influence of perfectionism and fear of failure on injury occurrence and rehabilitation behaviors. 219 male and female athletes from a Division I institution completed an athletic demographics questionnaire, the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS), and the Performance Failure Appraisal Inventory (PFAI-Long-Form) at mid-point of their sport’s competition season. Upon injury to the participating athlete (n = 51), certified athletic trainers (n = 8) and senior athletic training students (n = 4) specific to the participants sport completed the Rehabilitation Behaviors assessment at the mid-point of the athlete’s rehabilitation program. Preliminary analyses (frequencies, descriptives, reliabilities, and correlations) followed by Pearson correlations, two separate MANOVAs, and two multiple regressions were conducted. Results revealed all scales demonstrated good reliabilities, perfectionism alphas ranging from .68 to .87, and fear of failure alphas ranging from .71 to .86. Inter-rater reliability for certified athletic trainers and senior athletic training students had adequate reliability for all 5 items (.91). Socially prescribed perfectionism had a positive, moderately strong relationship with experiencing shame and embarrassment (r = .42), loss of interest from others (r = .41), and upsetting others (r = .54). Analysis of perfectionism in relation to rehabilitation behaviors revealed a negative and moderately strong correlation (r = -.33). Loss of interest from others had a positive, strong correlation with experiencing shame and embarrassment (r = .62) and upsetting others (r = .66). In relation to rehabilitation behaviors, loss of interest from others (r = -.44) and upsetting others (r = -.44) had moderately strong negative relationships. In conclusion, this study revealed that perfectionism and fear of failure are related to injury occurrence and rehabilitation behaviors. Injured and non-injured athletes did not significantly differ on types of perfectionism. However, injured athletes had significantly higher fear of experiencing shame and embarrassment, upsetting others, devaluing oneself, and unknown future than non-injured athletes. In relation to rehabilitation behaviors, higher self-oriented perfectionism and lower socially prescribed perfectionism predicted higher rehabilitation behaviors. Whereas, higher fear of experiencing shame and embarrassment, and lower fear of loss of interest from others, upsetting others and unknown future predicted higher rehabilitation behaviors.
Key words: perfectionism, fear of failure, injury occurrence, rehabilitation behaviors
Year of Submission
Master of Arts
School of Health, Physical Education, and Leisure Services
Division of Athletic Training
Windee M. Weiss, Chair
1 PDF file (vi, 112 pages)
©2016 Pamela Jean Westendorf
Westendorf, Pamela Jean, "Perfectionism and fear of failure in relation to injury occurence and rehabilitation behaviors" (2016). Dissertations and Theses @ UNI. 298.