Electronic Theses and Dissertations


Thesis (UNI Access Only)


Sports--Iowa--Cedar Falls--Psychological aspects; Sports injuries--Iowa--Cedar Falls--Psychological aspects; College athletes--Iowa--Cedar Falls--Psychology; University of Northern Iowa--Students--Psychology; Pride and vanity;


The purpose of this study was to examine pride and motivational orientation of Division I athletes. The secondary purpose was to examine if these constructs effect the rehabilitation behaviors of injured athletes. Participants were 219 male and female athletes from a Division I institute completed on an athletic demographics questionnaire, 7-item Authentic and Hubristic pride scales, and The Sport Motivation Scale. If athletes became injured (n = 51), certified athletic trainers and senior athletic training students completed a weekly injury report and a rehabilitation behavior questionnaire on these athletes. Preliminary analyses (frequencies, descriptives, reliabilities, and correlations), followed by two separate MANOVAs, a cluster analysis, a MANOVA, an ANOVA, and a Multiple Regression were conducted. Results revealed all scales demonstrated adequate reliabilities, alphas ranging from .77 to .90 for motivational orientation and from .88 to .89 for pride. Inter-rater reliability for certified athletic trainers and senior athletic training students had adequate reliability for all 5 items (α = .91). Hubristic pride was weakly, positively correlated with amotivation (r = .21), and moderately positively correlated with extrinsic motivation (r = .33). Authentic pride was weakly, negatively correlated with amotivation (r = -.27), moderately positively correlated with intrinsic motivation (r = .40), and weakly, positively correlated with extrinsic motivation (r = .20). Both MANOVAs determining differences between injured and non-injured athletes on pride and motivation were not significant (p’s > .13). Four cluster groups emerged based on motivational profile, and did significantly differ on pride (p =<.05). The cluster groups also differed significantly on rehabilitation behaviors (p= <.05). In conclusion, all types of pride and motivational orientation were found within this sample, and were found to be related to one another. There was no difference between injured and non-injured athletes on pride and motivation. With that being said, there were significant differences between the motivational clusters on type of pride, and injured athletes who were intrinsically motivated had significantly higher rehabilitation behaviors than did amotivated athletes. Lastly, lower hubristic pride did seem to predict higher rehabilitation behavior scores.

Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Science


School of Health, Physical Education, and Leisure Services

First Advisor

Windee M. Weiss, Chair

Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (vi, 125 pages)



File Format


Off-Campus Download